Pneumonia is a diagnosis which means that there is a lung infection due to inflammation of the air sacs. It could be caused by various infective organisms like - bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. It usually starts with cold and cough upper respiratory infection, which becomes more severe and results in breathing difficulty or noisy breathing. In some children especially neonates (below 1 year of age) with a compromised immune system, it could become very serious.
Symptoms of pneumonia in children can vary greatly. They depend on the childâ€™s age, health, underlying cause and location of pneumonia in the lung. For example, in bacterial pneumonia is symptoms are severe and progress rapidly. In viral infections, the onset and progress is more gradual.
Treatment is as per the underlying condition. Antibiotics, anti fungals, anti-viral drugs may be needed. Supportive care in the form of IV fluids, anti pyretics, analgesics may be required in addition.
Do consult your doctor or your pediatric pulmonologist if your child has any of the above suspicious symptoms, so that correct treatment can be started at the earliest.