Congenital respiratory disorders are those disorders or abnormalities, which are present at birth and are usually manifested in the first one year of life. Their incidence is quite low, and hence recognizing and diagnosing these problems is often a challenge, as they are often missed or misdiagnosed. The disorders can be divided into:
In present times, congenital lung abnormalities are being detected much more frequently at routine high-resolution prenatal ultrasonography. Recognizing the antenatal and postnatal ultrasonographic findings of these abnormalities is necessary for optimal prenatal counselling and appropriate management in peri- and postnatal period. If your baby has any of the following symptoms, do consult your pediatric pulmonologist:
The treatment depends upon the diagnosis, site of anomaly and extent of affection. Some of the anomalies require just careful monitoring and supportive care, and may disappear over a period of time like CCAM. Others may require a surgical intervention. However, the bottom line is that these conditions need to be suspected and timely diagnosis and intervention is required for best management of the child.