Neuromuscular disorders (NMD) encompass a wide variety of illnesses in which the muscle function is impaired either directly or indirectly by affecting the neuromuscular junctions or the peripheral nervous system. Disease of the brain or spinal cord that lead to muscle weakness are not considered as neuromuscular diseases. Examples of NMD are:
Many of these disorders are inherited or genetic as in muscular dystrophies. Sometimes it could result from an immunological cause as in myasthenia gravis.
Patients with NMD have muscular weakness, loss of muscle bulk, twitching of muscles, cramps, tingling. Those with neuromuscular junction anomalies can have droopy eyelids, double vision and weakness worsening with progressive activity. Other symptoms are:
The basic aim for treating these children is to produce effective mucus clearing and having effective ventilation. The most important point is to start these interventions at the appropriate time, in order to improve the quality of life, reduce hospitalizations as well as the frequency of lower respiratory tract infections. The following interventions are used for these children:
Hence in neuromuscular diseases it is best to discuss and plan a management for your child at the earliest so that lung functions are preserved and there is a good quality of life.